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Evidence supporting resilience training effectiveness

The main evidence comes from research undertaken by the following:

  • Dr Al Seibert
  • Professor Martin Seligman
  • Dr Albert Ellis
  • Dr Andrew Shatte
  • Dr Karen Reivich
  • Dr Salvatore Maddi
  • Dr Deborah Khoshaba

References for specific areas of the training course

Locus of Control

General – Martin E.P. Seligman at the University of Pennsylvania

Rotter JB(1954) – Social-learning theory of personality (article)

Chen, J.C, & Silverthrone, C. (2008) – The impact of locus of control on Job Stress, job performance and job satisfaction in Taiwan. Leadership & Organisational Development Journal, 29 (7), 572-582. Doi: 10.1108/01437730810906326

Karimi, R & Alipour F (2011). Reduce Job stress in Organisations: Role of Locus of Control. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 18 (2), 232-236.


Lundberg G B and J S – I Don’t Have to Make Everything All Better

Sigmund Freud – ‘Le Bon’s Description of the Group Mind’, in Civilization, Society and Religion (PFL 12) p. 98-109

Steven Pinker – The Stuff of Thought (2007) p. 403

Jung C G – Man and his Symbols (1978) p. 123

Laing R D – Self and Others (Penguin 1972) p. 36

Carl R Rogers – Becoming Partners (London 1973) p. 35

Patricia Evans – Controlling People (Avon 2002) p. 33-7

Stress at work

ATL, The Educational Union. (2012). – Stress Management In The Workplace.

Brown F K (1996) – Career Resilience.

Cox T, & Griffiths A. – Work-Related Stress A Theoretical Perspective.

Leka S, & Houdmout J (Eds). (2010).- Occupational Health Psychology. (pp, 31-34).

Doosthuzen J, & Lill V, B. (2008) – Coping With Stress In the Workplace. SA Journal Of Industrial Psychology, 12(1) 64-69.

Flaxman E P, & Frank W B (2010) – Worksite Stress Management Training: Moderated Effects and Clinical Significance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 15(4), 347-358. doi:10.1037/a0020522

MacDonald L (2012) – The Effects of Learned Helplessness on Organizational Behaviour Stress

Meichenbaum D (1996) – Stress inoculation training for coping with stressors.


Realistic Optimism/Flexible thinking and Self-Talk

General – Martin Seligman, the University of Pennsylvania has the most research on this subject to date – Centre for Confidence. (2011). Positive Psychology, The main ingredients of Resilience

Folkman S, Lazarus S R, Dunkel-Schetter, DeLongis A & Gruen R J (1986) – Dynamics of a Stressful Encounter: Cognitive Appraisal, Coping, and Encounter Outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50(5). 992-1003 doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.50.5.992

Fournier G (2010) – Cognitive Appraisal Theory.

Maddi R S & Khoshaba M D. (2005) – Resilience at Work. New York: Amazon.

Lazarus R S, & Folkman S (1984) – Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer Publishing

Martinuzzi B (2006) – Optimism The Hidden Asset.

Reivich K & Shatte A (2002) – The Resilience Factor: 7 Keys To Finding Your Inner Strength And Overcome Life’s Hurdles. New York: Broadway Books

Southwick S D, Charney D, & Friedman J M (2011) – Resilience and Mental Health: Challenges Across the Lifespan

Abbott J, Klein B, Hamilton C, & Rosenthal A (2009) – The Impact of Online Resilience Training for Sales Managers on Wellbeing and Work Performance. Journal of Applied Psychology

Self Efficacy

Albert Bandura – Social Cognitive Theory

Gardner G D & Pierce L J (1998) – Self-Esteem and Self Efficacy within an Organisational Context.

Lunenberg C F (2011) – Self-Efficacy in the Workplace: Implications for Motivation and Performance. International Journal Of Management, Business, And Administration,

Emotional Awareness and Regulation

Grandly A A (2000) – Emotion Regulation in the Workplace: A New Way to Conceptualise

Challen A, Noden P, West A, & Machin, S. (2011) – UK Resilience Programme Evaluation:

Daniel Goleman (1996) – Emotional Intelligence

Weinberg A & Cooper C (2007) – Surviving the Workplace: A guide to emotional well -being. London: Thomson Learning.

General – Emotional Labour. Journal Of Occupational Health Psychology

General Research around Resilience

Waite J P & Richardson E G (2004) – Determining The Efficacy of Resilience, Training in the Work Site. Journal of Applied Health, 33 (3), 178-183.

Wong P T P, Wong L C J & Scott C. (2006). The positive psychology of transformation: Beyond stress and coping. In Wong, P. T. P., & Wong, L. C. J. (Eds.), Handbook of Multicultural perspectives on stress and coping (1-15).

Cognitive Behavioural Theory

General – Aaron T Beck is the pioneer of CBT.

Rachman S (1997) – The evolution of cognitive behaviour therapy.

Clark D, Fairburn C G & Gelder M G – Science and practice of cognitive behaviour therapy: Oxford University Press.

Hayes S C, Villatte M, Levin M, Hildebrandt M (2011) – Open, aware, and active: Contextual approaches as an emerging trend in the behavioral and cognitive therapies. Ann. Rev. Clin. Psychol. 7: 141–168.

Hofmann S G, Sawyer A T, Fang A (2010) – “The empirical status of the “new wave” of cognitive behavioral therapy”

Butler A C, Chapman J E, Forman E M, Beck AT (2006) – “The empirical status of cognitive-behavioral therapy: a review of meta-analyses”. Clin Psychol Rev 26 (1): 17–31.

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